UNDERSTANDING INGREDIENTS

VITAMINS Body Parts Affected Augmenting Nutrients Food Source Therapeutic Applications
A / Beta Carotene Fat soluble Eyes, skin, teeth, bones B complex, choline, Vitamins C, D, E, F, calcium, phosphorous, zinc dark coloured fruits and green leafy vegetables, milk, milk products, fish liver oil Helps maintain healthy eyesight, skin membranes and immune function, helps in development and maintenance of night vision, teeth, bone growth and skin. A factor in the maintenance of good health.
B ComplexWater soluble Entire body Vitamins C,E, Calcium, phosphorus brewer’s yeast, liver, whole grains Helps the body to metabolize fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
B1 (Vitamin)Water soluble Entire body B complex, Vitamins B2, C, E, folic acid, niacin, manganese, sulphur brewer’s yeast, brown rice, fish, meat, nuts, organ meats, poultry, wheat germ Helps maintain good health. Helps maintain normal growth. Helps the body metabolize carbohydrates, proteins, fats. Factor in maintenance of good health.
B12 (Vitamin)Water soluble Blood, entire body B complex, Vitamin B6, C, choline, inositol, potassium, sodium cheese, fish, milk, milk products, organ meats Factor in maintenance of good health, helps in metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, helps to form red blood cells.
Biotin Water soluble Entire body B12, folic acid, C, pantothenic acid, B complex, sulphur legumes, organ meats, bean sprouts, egg yolk A factor in the maintenance of good health.Helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins. For products providing daily doses of biotin at or above the Adequate Intake (AI) (adjusted for the life stage groups) – helps to prevent biotin deficiency
C (Vitamin)Water soluble Entire body all vitamins & minerals, bioflavonoids, calcium, magnesium citrus fruits, cantaloupe, green peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, brussel sprouts, green onions, broccoli, strawberries, cabbage, spinach Helps body to metabolize fats, proteins, helps in connective tissue formation, helps in would healing, an antioxidant for maintenance of good health.
D (Vitamin)Fat soluble Bones, teeth, entire body Vitamins A, C, choline calcium, phosphorus, unsaturated fatty acids egg yolks, organ meats, bone meal, sunlight, fish liver oils, flesh of fatty fish, fortified milk A factor in the maintenance of good health. It helps in the development and maintenance of bones and teeth and helps in the absorption and use of calcium and phosphorus.
E (Vitamin)Fat soluble Entire body Vitamins A, B complex, B1, C, Inositol, manganese, selenium, phosphorus, unsaturated fatty acids dark green vegetables, eggs, liver, organ meats, wheat germ, vegetable oils, desiccated liver, grains, nuts, fruits Antioxidant, promotes good health.
Folic AcidWater soluble Entire body, blood B complex, Vitamins B12, C, biotin, pantothenic acid brewer’s yeast, fish, legumes, orgain meats, soybens, wheat germ, lecithin, enriched grains, dark leafy vegetables, whole grain breads A factor in the maintenance of good health, helps body to metabolize proteins, helps to form red blood cells.
K (Vitamin)Fat soluble Entire body, bones Calcium dark green leafy vegetables, brussel sprouts, cabbage, plant oils Helps in the maintenance of bones. Helps to prevent vitamin K deficiency.
Niacin (Niacinamide)Water soluble Entire body B complex, Vitamins B12, B2, C, phosphorus brewer’s yeast, seafood, lean meats, milk, milk products, poultry, desiccated liver, whole grain breads A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps normal growth and development. Helps the body to metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
Pantothenic Acid Water soluble Entire body B complex, Vitamins B6, B12, C, biotin, folic acid brewer’s yeast, legumes, organ meats, salmon, wheat germ, whole grains, chicken, beef, potatoes, oats, cereals, tomato products, egg yolk, broccoli A factor in the maintenance of good health, helps the body to metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates, and helps in tissue formation.

Mineral Body Parts Affected Augmenting Nutrients Food Source Therapeutic Applications
Calcium Bones, teeth, entire body Vitamins A,C,D, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, unsaturated fatty acids milk, cheese, yogurt, bone meal, dolomite, calcium set tofu, bok choy, kale, broccoli Helps in the maintenance of bones and teeth. A factor in maintenance of good health.
Chromium Entire body none brewer’s yeast, clams, corn oil, whole grain cereals, meats, poultry, fish A factor in the maintenance of good health. Provides support for healthy glucose metabolism, helps body metabolize carbohydrates and fats.
Copper Blood, entire body iron, zinc legumes, nuts, organ meats, seafood, raisins, bone meal, cocoa products, nuts, wheat bran cereals A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps to produce and repair red blood cells and connective tissue. Help to form red blood cells.
Iodine Thyroid gland, entire body none seafood, kelp, salt (iodized) A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps in the normal function of the thyroid gland.
Iron Blood, entire body Vitamins B12, C, folic acid, calcium, copper, phosphorus eggs, fish, organ meats, poultry, wheat germ, desiccated liver, dried apricots, spinach A factor in maintenance of good health. Helps to form red blood cells and helps in their proper function.
Magnesium Bones, teeth, muscle, entire body Vitamins B6, C,D, calcium, phosphorus bran, honey, green vegetables, nuts, seafood, spinach, bone meal, kelp, green leafy vegetables, unpolished grains, meat, starches, milk A factor in maintenance of good health. Helps body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Helps in development and maintenance of bones, teeth, tissue formation. Helps to maintain proper muscle function.
Manganese Bones, entire body none bananas, bran, celery, cereals, egg yolks, green leafy vegetables, legumes, liver, nuts, pineapples, whole grains, tea, whole grains A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Helps in the development and maintenance of bones.
Molybdenum Entire body none Soybeans, lentils, oats, bread, organ meats, legumes, cereals, grains, nuts A factor in the maintenance of good health, helps body to metabolize proteins.
Phosphorous Entire body Vitamins A,C, calcium, iron, manganese, unsaturated fatty acids eggs, fish, grains, meat, poultry, yellow cheese, milk, yogurt, ice cream, peas A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Potassium Entire body Vitamin B6, sodium dates, figs, peaches, tomato juice, peanuts, raisins, seafood A factor in the maintenance of good health.
Selenium Entire body Vitamins C, A, E grains, meat, poultry, fish, dairy products, organ meats, seafood A factor in the maintenance of good health. An antioxidant for the maintenance of good health.
Silica Nails, hair, skin none whole-cereal grains, root vegetables For healthy nails, hair and skin.
Vanadium Entire body none cereals, canned fruit juices, fish sticks, vegetables, mushrooms, shellfish, black pepper, parsley A factor in the maintenance of good health.
Zinc Connective tissue, skin, immune system Vitamin A, calcium copper, phosphorus brewer’s yeast, liver, seafood, soybeans, spinach, sunflower seeds, mushrooms, red meats A factor in the maintenance of good health, helps in connective tissue formation, helps body to metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates, helps to maintain healthy skin, helps to maintain immune function.

 HERB Source / Medicinal Ingredient Suggested Use
AlfalfaMedicago sativa Aerial parts vitamins, minerals, protein, enzymes Traditionally used as a nutritive tonic.
Aloe Vera Aloe Vera Leaf gel, dried leaf latex polysaccharides, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, aloin Oral: Traditionally used as a laxative, vermifuge.
Leaf gel: Traditionally used to treat minor burns, cuts to assist wound healing. Helps to promote healing of minor wounds (cuts, burns) and minor skin irritations.
AndrographisAndrographis paniculata Leaf Diterpene lactones, andrographolide, deoxyandrographolide Prophylaxis and symptomatic treatment of upper respiratory infections, bronchitis and pharyngotonsilitis, lower urinary tract infections and acute diarrhea.
ArtichokeCynara cardunculus Leaf caffeoylquinic acid, luteolin glycosides Used to help relieve digestive disturbances, such as dyspepsia, to help increase bile flow.
Bacopa monnieriBacopa monnieri Whole plant alkaloids, saponins, sterols Helps to improve cognitive function and to enhance memory and learning abilities.
BilberryVaccinium myrtillus Fruit anthocyanosides Traditionally used as an astringent to help relieve diarrhea. Source of antioxidants for maintenance of good health.
Black CohoshActaea racemosa L Root, rhizometriterpenoids Helps relieve menopausal symptoms & premenstrual symptoms. Traditionally used to relax skeletal muscle and ease nervous tension.
Borage OilBorago officinalis L. Seed oil essential fatty acids Source of essential fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids and linoleic acid for the maintenance of good health.
BuckthornRhamnus frangula Bark 1,9-dihydroxy-anthracene derivatives Mild laxative action and normalizes gastric function.
BurdockArctium lappa L. Dried root extract Traditionally used as a diuretic to induce sweating. Helps remove accumulated waste products via kidneys, skin and mucous membranes. Helps to alleviate pain associated with rheumatism.
Cascara SagradaCascara sagrada Aged barkhydroxianthracene derivative (HAD), free anthraquinone Traditionally used as a laxative.
Cat’s ClawUncaria tomentosa Barkproanthocyanidins, alkaloids, phytochemicals Acts as an antioxidant and helps reduce inflammation.
CayenneCapsicum frutescens Fruit capsaicin, carotenoids, capsicidins Oral: Traditionally used as a digestive aid and to help support peripheral circulation. Topical: Traditionally used as a rubefacient/counterirritant to help relieve the symptoms of rheumatism and/or muscle and joint pain. Used for the temporary relief of muscle and joint pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, and pain of tendons and ligaments; used to relieve cutaneous pain associated with conditions such as post-herpetic neuralgia and diabetic neuropathy.
DandelionTaraxacum officinale F.H. Leaves & Rootssesquiterpene, triterpenes, phenolic acids, carotenoids Leaf: Used in Herbal Medicine as a diuretic. Root: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as a diuretic, to help treat digestive disturbances (dyspepsia), increase bile flow (cholagogue) and stimulate appetite as an alterative to help relieve dermatological conditions such as eczema.
Devil`s ClawHarpagophytum procumbens Secondary root tubers harpogoside, beta sitosterol Traditionally used as a bitter to help stimulate appetite and relieve digestive disturbances such as dyspepsia. Also used to help relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis.
EchinaceaEchinacea angustifolia / Purpurea / Pallida Root, aerial partsechinacosides, polysaccharides, phytosterols Echinacea angustifolia: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve the symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections and to help relieve sore throats. Echinacea purpurea, echinacea pallida: Used in Herbal Medicine to help fight off infections, especially of the upper respiratory tract. Supportive therapy in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (e.g. common colds). Helps to relieve the symptoms and shorten the duration of upper respiratory tract infections.
Evening Primrose Oil (EPO)Oenothera bennis Seed oil gamma-linolenic acid, mixed tocopherols Source of essential fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids and linoleic acid for the maintenance of good health.
Fennel SeedFoeniculum vulgare Seeds & Oilantioxidant Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as an expectorant to help relieve coughs associated with colds, to help relieve digestive disturbances including bloating and flatulence and to help relieve the pain associated with menstruation.
FenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum Seeds flavonoids, saponin, vitamins Oral: Traditionally used to help stimulate the appetite, as a digestive tonic to aid digestion, to relieve dyspepsia and gastritis, mild laxative, expectorant to help relieve catarrh of the upper respiratory passages and to promote milk production/secretion. Topical: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help heal minor skin wounds, burns, irritations and local inflammations.
FeverfewTanacetum parthenium Leaves, aerial partssesquiterpene lactones Leaf: Clinically shown to help reduce the severity and/or frequency of migraine headaches and associated nausea and vomiting when taken as a prophylactic. Aerial parts: Traditionally used to help relieve symptoms of colds. Traditionally used to aid digestion. Used in western herbalism to help prevent migraine headaches.
Flax SeedLinum usitatissimum Seed & Seed Oilalphalinoleic acid Bruised, cracked, ground, milled seed or seed oil: Source of essential fatty acids, alpha-linolenic acid and omega-3 fatty acids for the maintenance of good health. Whole, bruised, cracked, ground or milled seed: Bulk-forming laxative. Promotes bowel movement by increasing bulk volume and water content. Gentle relief of occasional constipation (irregularity).
Garcinia cambogiaGarcinia cambogia Fruit hydroxycitric acid Helps suppress appetite and inhibit the production of unwanted fat (promotes fat oxidation).
Garlic Allium sativum Bulb, distilled oil from bulb alliin, allinase, allicin, vitamins Traditionally used to help relieve the symptoms associated with upper respiratory tract infections and catarrhal conditions. Used to help reduce elevated blood lipid levels/ hyperlipidaemia in adults and to help maintain cardiovascular health in adults.
Ginger Zingiber officinale Rhizomephenylalkylketones Helps prevent nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness, postoperative nausea and seasickness. Traditionally used to relieve digestive upset/disturbances (lack of appetite, nausea, digestive spasms, indigestion, dyspepsia, flatulent colic), expectorant, anti-tussive to help relive bronchitis, colds and coughs.
Ginkgo BilobaGingko biloba Leavesflavoglycosides; quercetin, proanthocyanidins, terpenes Helps to enhance cognitive function and memory in an aging population and helps to support peripheral circulation.
Ginseng Panax ginseng Root ginsenosides, glycosides Helps to improve cognitive function and performance.
Golden sealHydrastis canadensis L. Root & Rhizomealkaloids, (hydrastine) fatty acids, volatile oil Oral: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help alleviate infectious and inflammatory conditions of the digestive tract such as gastritis. Used as a bitter to aid digestion and to increase appetite (stomachic). Also used to help relieve digestive disturbances such as dyspepsia, as a mild laxative. Buccal: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve mucous membrane inflammations of the mouth.
Grape SeedVitis vinifera L. Seedproanthocyanidins Antioxidant to prevent cell damage.
Green CoffeeCoffea arabica Bean chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid Helps to reduce the absorption of consumed carbohydrates, decrease the uptake of glucose in the body and regulate blood glucose levels.
Green TeaCamellia sinensis Leaves polyphenols Source of antioxidants for maintenance of good health, to be used with a program of reduced intake of dietary calories and increased physical activity to help in weight management.
Griffonia SimplicifoliaGriffonia simplicifolia Seed 5-HTP (L-5-hydroxytryptophan) Helps to promote healthy mood balance, relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia. Helps to reduce the severity and duration of migraine headaches when taken as a prophylactic. To be used with a program of reduced intake of dietary calories and increased physical activity (if possible) to help in weight management by reducing carbohydrate cravings. Used as a sleep aid.
GuggulipidCommiphora mukul Gum resin essential oil, guggulesterone, oleoresin Helps lower cholesterol.
HawthornCrategus oxyacantha Berries flavonoid, glycosides, saponins, catechins, tannins, procyanidins, vitexin Promotes cardiovascular health.
HorsetailEquisetum arvense L. Herb silicon For healthy nails, hair and skin. Helps support bone health.
Prune Prunus domestica Fruit sorbitol and polyphenols Natural laxative, which helps to cleanse the intestines.
Psyllium HuskPlantago ovata Husk fiber Fibre supplement to promote & maintain regularity.
Pumpkin SeedCucurbita pepo Seeds linoleic acid, cucurbitacins, zinc Helps relieve urologic symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Pygeum BarkPygeum africanum Bark phytosterols, terpenoids, ferulic esters Helps maintain healthy prostate & relieve urologic symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia.
RosehipsFructor rosae canina Fruit Bioflavonoids, vitamin C, vitamin B complex Source of vitamin C.
Saw Palmetto Berry Serenoa repens Berries saponins; phytosterols; fatty acids Used to help relieve the urologic symptoms (e.g. weak urine flow, incomplete voiding, frequent daytime and night time urination) associated with mild to moderate benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Soy Glycine max Bean isoflavones An excellent source of protein & promotes heart health, soy isoflavones – alleviate menopausal symptoms, improve bone metabolism.
ValerianValeriana officinalis Root, rhizomevalerinic acid, sesquiterpenes, glycoside, essential oil Traditionally used to relive nervousness (calmative/sedative). Helps to promote sleep.

SUPPLIMENT Source / Medicinal Ingredient Suggested Use
Chondroitin Calf trachea chondroitin Helps to relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis. Helps to relieve pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee.
CLA Safflower oil conjugated linoleic acid Aids in reducing body fat.
CoQ10 (Co-Enzyme Q10) Bacteria ubiquinone Helps to maintain and support cardiovascular health, helps to reduce frequency of migraine headaches and associated nausea and vomiting when taken as prophylactic, an antioxidant.
Digestive Enzymes Aspergillus oryzae, rhizopus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Hordeum distychum, Trichoderma sp., Trichoderma Iongibrachtium Protease, Lipase, Amylase, Lactase, Amyloglucosidase, Sucrase, Maltase, Cellulase, Hemicellulase Helps improve the digestion of proteins (protease), fats (lipase) & carbohydrates (Amylase, Lactase, Amyloglucosidase, Sucrase, Maltase, Cellulase, Hemicellulase)
Glucosamine Shrimp, prawn & crab exoskeleton Glucosamine sulphate, glucosamine hydrochloride Glucosamine sulfate: Helps to relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis. Helps to relieve pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. Helps to protect against the deterioration of cartilage. A factor in maintaining healthy cartilage and/or joint health. Glucosamine hydrochloride: A factor in maintaining healthy cartilage. Helps to maintain healthy cartilage. A factor in maintaining joint health. Helps to maintain joint health.
Lecithin Soybean phospholipids Source of phosphatidylcholine to support healthy liver function.
Lycopene Tomato carotenoid Powerful antioxidant to promote prostate health and reduce risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) SyntheticMethylsulfonylmethane Helps to relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis, helps to relieve the pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee.
Omega Oils essential fatty acids Promotes heart health.
Probiotics Bacterial cultureL.acidophilus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium breve, Lactobacillus acidophilus., Bifidobacterium longum Helps maintain healthy gastro-intestinal tract. Helps protect against gastro-intestinal tract associated infectious diseases. Helps relieve gastro-intestinal disturbances associated with antibiotic therapy.

 COFACTORS Body Parts Affected Augmenting Nutrients Food Source Therapeutic Applications
Bioflavonoids Entire body Vitamin C citrus fruits Antioxidant, prevents cell damage.
Choline Entire body Vitamins A, B12, B complex, folic acid, inositol, linoleic acid brewer’s yeast, fish, legumes, organ meats, soybeans, wheat germ, lecithin A factor in the maintenance of good health.
Inositol Entire body B complex, B12, choline, linoleic acid citrus fruits, brewer’s yeast, meat, milk, nuts, vegetables, whole grains, lecithin A factor in the maintenance of good health.
MSMMethylsulfonylmethane Knees, joints None synthetic Helps to relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis. Helps to relieve the pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee.

+ VITAMINS

VITAMINS Body Parts Affected Augmenting Nutrients Food Source Therapeutic Applications
A / Beta Carotene Fat soluble Eyes, skin, teeth, bones B complex, choline, Vitamins C, D, E, F, calcium, phosphorous, zinc dark coloured fruits and green leafy vegetables, milk, milk products, fish liver oil Helps maintain healthy eyesight, skin membranes and immune function, helps in development and maintenance of night vision, teeth, bone growth and skin. A factor in the maintenance of good health.
B ComplexWater soluble Entire body Vitamins C,E, Calcium, phosphorus brewer’s yeast, liver, whole grains Helps the body to metabolize fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
B1 (Vitamin)Water soluble Entire body B complex, Vitamins B2, C, E, folic acid, niacin, manganese, sulphur brewer’s yeast, brown rice, fish, meat, nuts, organ meats, poultry, wheat germ Helps maintain good health. Helps maintain normal growth. Helps the body metabolize carbohydrates, proteins, fats. Factor in maintenance of good health.
B12 (Vitamin)Water soluble Blood, entire body B complex, Vitamin B6, C, choline, inositol, potassium, sodium cheese, fish, milk, milk products, organ meats Factor in maintenance of good health, helps in metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, helps to form red blood cells.
Biotin Water soluble Entire body B12, folic acid, C, pantothenic acid, B complex, sulphur legumes, organ meats, bean sprouts, egg yolk A factor in the maintenance of good health.Helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins. For products providing daily doses of biotin at or above the Adequate Intake (AI) (adjusted for the life stage groups) – helps to prevent biotin deficiency
C (Vitamin)Water soluble Entire body all vitamins & minerals, bioflavonoids, calcium, magnesium citrus fruits, cantaloupe, green peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, brussel sprouts, green onions, broccoli, strawberries, cabbage, spinach Helps body to metabolize fats, proteins, helps in connective tissue formation, helps in would healing, an antioxidant for maintenance of good health.
D (Vitamin)Fat soluble Bones, teeth, entire body Vitamins A, C, choline calcium, phosphorus, unsaturated fatty acids egg yolks, organ meats, bone meal, sunlight, fish liver oils, flesh of fatty fish, fortified milk A factor in the maintenance of good health. It helps in the development and maintenance of bones and teeth and helps in the absorption and use of calcium and phosphorus.
E (Vitamin)Fat soluble Entire body Vitamins A, B complex, B1, C, Inositol, manganese, selenium, phosphorus, unsaturated fatty acids dark green vegetables, eggs, liver, organ meats, wheat germ, vegetable oils, desiccated liver, grains, nuts, fruits Antioxidant, promotes good health.
Folic AcidWater soluble Entire body, blood B complex, Vitamins B12, C, biotin, pantothenic acid brewer’s yeast, fish, legumes, orgain meats, soybens, wheat germ, lecithin, enriched grains, dark leafy vegetables, whole grain breads A factor in the maintenance of good health, helps body to metabolize proteins, helps to form red blood cells.
K (Vitamin)Fat soluble Entire body, bones Calcium dark green leafy vegetables, brussel sprouts, cabbage, plant oils Helps in the maintenance of bones. Helps to prevent vitamin K deficiency.
Niacin (Niacinamide)Water soluble Entire body B complex, Vitamins B12, B2, C, phosphorus brewer’s yeast, seafood, lean meats, milk, milk products, poultry, desiccated liver, whole grain breads A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps normal growth and development. Helps the body to metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
Pantothenic Acid Water soluble Entire body B complex, Vitamins B6, B12, C, biotin, folic acid brewer’s yeast, legumes, organ meats, salmon, wheat germ, whole grains, chicken, beef, potatoes, oats, cereals, tomato products, egg yolk, broccoli A factor in the maintenance of good health, helps the body to metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates, and helps in tissue formation.

+ MINERALS

Mineral Body Parts Affected Augmenting Nutrients Food Source Therapeutic Applications
Calcium Bones, teeth, entire body Vitamins A,C,D, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, unsaturated fatty acids milk, cheese, yogurt, bone meal, dolomite, calcium set tofu, bok choy, kale, broccoli Helps in the maintenance of bones and teeth. A factor in maintenance of good health.
Chromium Entire body none brewer’s yeast, clams, corn oil, whole grain cereals, meats, poultry, fish A factor in the maintenance of good health. Provides support for healthy glucose metabolism, helps body metabolize carbohydrates and fats.
Copper Blood, entire body iron, zinc legumes, nuts, organ meats, seafood, raisins, bone meal, cocoa products, nuts, wheat bran cereals A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps to produce and repair red blood cells and connective tissue. Help to form red blood cells.
Iodine Thyroid gland, entire body none seafood, kelp, salt (iodized) A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps in the normal function of the thyroid gland.
Iron Blood, entire body Vitamins B12, C, folic acid, calcium, copper, phosphorus eggs, fish, organ meats, poultry, wheat germ, desiccated liver, dried apricots, spinach A factor in maintenance of good health. Helps to form red blood cells and helps in their proper function.
Magnesium Bones, teeth, muscle, entire body Vitamins B6, C,D, calcium, phosphorus bran, honey, green vegetables, nuts, seafood, spinach, bone meal, kelp, green leafy vegetables, unpolished grains, meat, starches, milk A factor in maintenance of good health. Helps body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Helps in development and maintenance of bones, teeth, tissue formation. Helps to maintain proper muscle function.
Manganese Bones, entire body none bananas, bran, celery, cereals, egg yolks, green leafy vegetables, legumes, liver, nuts, pineapples, whole grains, tea, whole grains A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Helps in the development and maintenance of bones.
Molybdenum Entire body none Soybeans, lentils, oats, bread, organ meats, legumes, cereals, grains, nuts A factor in the maintenance of good health, helps body to metabolize proteins.
Phosphorous Entire body Vitamins A,C, calcium, iron, manganese, unsaturated fatty acids eggs, fish, grains, meat, poultry, yellow cheese, milk, yogurt, ice cream, peas A factor in the maintenance of good health. Helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Potassium Entire body Vitamin B6, sodium dates, figs, peaches, tomato juice, peanuts, raisins, seafood A factor in the maintenance of good health.
Selenium Entire body Vitamins C, A, E grains, meat, poultry, fish, dairy products, organ meats, seafood A factor in the maintenance of good health. An antioxidant for the maintenance of good health.
Silica Nails, hair, skin none whole-cereal grains, root vegetables For healthy nails, hair and skin.
Vanadium Entire body none cereals, canned fruit juices, fish sticks, vegetables, mushrooms, shellfish, black pepper, parsley A factor in the maintenance of good health.
Zinc Connective tissue, skin, immune system Vitamin A, calcium copper, phosphorus brewer’s yeast, liver, seafood, soybeans, spinach, sunflower seeds, mushrooms, red meats A factor in the maintenance of good health, helps in connective tissue formation, helps body to metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates, helps to maintain healthy skin, helps to maintain immune function.

+ HERBS

 HERB Source / Medicinal Ingredient Suggested Use
AlfalfaMedicago sativa Aerial parts vitamins, minerals, protein, enzymes Traditionally used as a nutritive tonic.
Aloe Vera Aloe Vera Leaf gel, dried leaf latex polysaccharides, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, aloin Oral: Traditionally used as a laxative, vermifuge.
Leaf gel: Traditionally used to treat minor burns, cuts to assist wound healing. Helps to promote healing of minor wounds (cuts, burns) and minor skin irritations.
AndrographisAndrographis paniculata Leaf Diterpene lactones, andrographolide, deoxyandrographolide Prophylaxis and symptomatic treatment of upper respiratory infections, bronchitis and pharyngotonsilitis, lower urinary tract infections and acute diarrhea.
ArtichokeCynara cardunculus Leaf caffeoylquinic acid, luteolin glycosides Used to help relieve digestive disturbances, such as dyspepsia, to help increase bile flow.
Bacopa monnieriBacopa monnieri Whole plant alkaloids, saponins, sterols Helps to improve cognitive function and to enhance memory and learning abilities.
BilberryVaccinium myrtillus Fruit anthocyanosides Traditionally used as an astringent to help relieve diarrhea. Source of antioxidants for maintenance of good health.
Black CohoshActaea racemosa L Root, rhizometriterpenoids Helps relieve menopausal symptoms & premenstrual symptoms. Traditionally used to relax skeletal muscle and ease nervous tension.
Borage OilBorago officinalis L. Seed oil essential fatty acids Source of essential fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids and linoleic acid for the maintenance of good health.
BuckthornRhamnus frangula Bark 1,9-dihydroxy-anthracene derivatives Mild laxative action and normalizes gastric function.
BurdockArctium lappa L. Dried root extract Traditionally used as a diuretic to induce sweating. Helps remove accumulated waste products via kidneys, skin and mucous membranes. Helps to alleviate pain associated with rheumatism.
Cascara SagradaCascara sagrada Aged barkhydroxianthracene derivative (HAD), free anthraquinone Traditionally used as a laxative.
Cat’s ClawUncaria tomentosa Barkproanthocyanidins, alkaloids, phytochemicals Acts as an antioxidant and helps reduce inflammation.
CayenneCapsicum frutescens Fruit capsaicin, carotenoids, capsicidins Oral: Traditionally used as a digestive aid and to help support peripheral circulation. Topical: Traditionally used as a rubefacient/counterirritant to help relieve the symptoms of rheumatism and/or muscle and joint pain. Used for the temporary relief of muscle and joint pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, and pain of tendons and ligaments; used to relieve cutaneous pain associated with conditions such as post-herpetic neuralgia and diabetic neuropathy.
DandelionTaraxacum officinale F.H. Leaves & Rootssesquiterpene, triterpenes, phenolic acids, carotenoids Leaf: Used in Herbal Medicine as a diuretic. Root: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as a diuretic, to help treat digestive disturbances (dyspepsia), increase bile flow (cholagogue) and stimulate appetite as an alterative to help relieve dermatological conditions such as eczema.
Devil`s ClawHarpagophytum procumbens Secondary root tubers harpogoside, beta sitosterol Traditionally used as a bitter to help stimulate appetite and relieve digestive disturbances such as dyspepsia. Also used to help relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis.
EchinaceaEchinacea angustifolia / Purpurea / Pallida Root, aerial partsechinacosides, polysaccharides, phytosterols Echinacea angustifolia: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve the symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections and to help relieve sore throats. Echinacea purpurea, echinacea pallida: Used in Herbal Medicine to help fight off infections, especially of the upper respiratory tract. Supportive therapy in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (e.g. common colds). Helps to relieve the symptoms and shorten the duration of upper respiratory tract infections.
Evening Primrose Oil (EPO)Oenothera bennis Seed oil gamma-linolenic acid, mixed tocopherols Source of essential fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids and linoleic acid for the maintenance of good health.
Fennel SeedFoeniculum vulgare Seeds & Oilantioxidant Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as an expectorant to help relieve coughs associated with colds, to help relieve digestive disturbances including bloating and flatulence and to help relieve the pain associated with menstruation.
FenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum Seeds flavonoids, saponin, vitamins Oral: Traditionally used to help stimulate the appetite, as a digestive tonic to aid digestion, to relieve dyspepsia and gastritis, mild laxative, expectorant to help relieve catarrh of the upper respiratory passages and to promote milk production/secretion. Topical: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help heal minor skin wounds, burns, irritations and local inflammations.
FeverfewTanacetum parthenium Leaves, aerial partssesquiterpene lactones Leaf: Clinically shown to help reduce the severity and/or frequency of migraine headaches and associated nausea and vomiting when taken as a prophylactic. Aerial parts: Traditionally used to help relieve symptoms of colds. Traditionally used to aid digestion. Used in western herbalism to help prevent migraine headaches.
Flax SeedLinum usitatissimum Seed & Seed Oilalphalinoleic acid Bruised, cracked, ground, milled seed or seed oil: Source of essential fatty acids, alpha-linolenic acid and omega-3 fatty acids for the maintenance of good health. Whole, bruised, cracked, ground or milled seed: Bulk-forming laxative. Promotes bowel movement by increasing bulk volume and water content. Gentle relief of occasional constipation (irregularity).
Garcinia cambogiaGarcinia cambogia Fruit hydroxycitric acid Helps suppress appetite and inhibit the production of unwanted fat (promotes fat oxidation).
Garlic Allium sativum Bulb, distilled oil from bulb alliin, allinase, allicin, vitamins Traditionally used to help relieve the symptoms associated with upper respiratory tract infections and catarrhal conditions. Used to help reduce elevated blood lipid levels/ hyperlipidaemia in adults and to help maintain cardiovascular health in adults.
Ginger Zingiber officinale Rhizomephenylalkylketones Helps prevent nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness, postoperative nausea and seasickness. Traditionally used to relieve digestive upset/disturbances (lack of appetite, nausea, digestive spasms, indigestion, dyspepsia, flatulent colic), expectorant, anti-tussive to help relive bronchitis, colds and coughs.
Ginkgo BilobaGingko biloba Leavesflavoglycosides; quercetin, proanthocyanidins, terpenes Helps to enhance cognitive function and memory in an aging population and helps to support peripheral circulation.
Ginseng Panax ginseng Root ginsenosides, glycosides Helps to improve cognitive function and performance.
Golden sealHydrastis canadensis L. Root & Rhizomealkaloids, (hydrastine) fatty acids, volatile oil Oral: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help alleviate infectious and inflammatory conditions of the digestive tract such as gastritis. Used as a bitter to aid digestion and to increase appetite (stomachic). Also used to help relieve digestive disturbances such as dyspepsia, as a mild laxative. Buccal: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve mucous membrane inflammations of the mouth.
Grape SeedVitis vinifera L. Seedproanthocyanidins Antioxidant to prevent cell damage.
Green CoffeeCoffea arabica Bean chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid Helps to reduce the absorption of consumed carbohydrates, decrease the uptake of glucose in the body and regulate blood glucose levels.
Green TeaCamellia sinensis Leaves polyphenols Source of antioxidants for maintenance of good health, to be used with a program of reduced intake of dietary calories and increased physical activity to help in weight management.
Griffonia SimplicifoliaGriffonia simplicifolia Seed 5-HTP (L-5-hydroxytryptophan) Helps to promote healthy mood balance, relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia. Helps to reduce the severity and duration of migraine headaches when taken as a prophylactic. To be used with a program of reduced intake of dietary calories and increased physical activity (if possible) to help in weight management by reducing carbohydrate cravings. Used as a sleep aid.
GuggulipidCommiphora mukul Gum resin essential oil, guggulesterone, oleoresin Helps lower cholesterol.
HawthornCrategus oxyacantha Berries flavonoid, glycosides, saponins, catechins, tannins, procyanidins, vitexin Promotes cardiovascular health.
HorsetailEquisetum arvense L. Herb silicon For healthy nails, hair and skin. Helps support bone health.
Prune Prunus domestica Fruit sorbitol and polyphenols Natural laxative, which helps to cleanse the intestines.
Psyllium HuskPlantago ovata Husk fiber Fibre supplement to promote & maintain regularity.
Pumpkin SeedCucurbita pepo Seeds linoleic acid, cucurbitacins, zinc Helps relieve urologic symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Pygeum BarkPygeum africanum Bark phytosterols, terpenoids, ferulic esters Helps maintain healthy prostate & relieve urologic symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia.
RosehipsFructor rosae canina Fruit Bioflavonoids, vitamin C, vitamin B complex Source of vitamin C.
Saw Palmetto Berry Serenoa repens Berries saponins; phytosterols; fatty acids Used to help relieve the urologic symptoms (e.g. weak urine flow, incomplete voiding, frequent daytime and night time urination) associated with mild to moderate benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Soy Glycine max Bean isoflavones An excellent source of protein & promotes heart health, soy isoflavones – alleviate menopausal symptoms, improve bone metabolism.
ValerianValeriana officinalis Root, rhizomevalerinic acid, sesquiterpenes, glycoside, essential oil Traditionally used to relive nervousness (calmative/sedative). Helps to promote sleep.

+ SUPPLIMENTS
SUPPLIMENT Source / Medicinal Ingredient Suggested Use
Chondroitin Calf trachea chondroitin Helps to relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis. Helps to relieve pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee.
CLA Safflower oil conjugated linoleic acid Aids in reducing body fat.
CoQ10 (Co-Enzyme Q10) Bacteria ubiquinone Helps to maintain and support cardiovascular health, helps to reduce frequency of migraine headaches and associated nausea and vomiting when taken as prophylactic, an antioxidant.
Digestive Enzymes Aspergillus oryzae, rhizopus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Hordeum distychum, Trichoderma sp., Trichoderma Iongibrachtium Protease, Lipase, Amylase, Lactase, Amyloglucosidase, Sucrase, Maltase, Cellulase, Hemicellulase Helps improve the digestion of proteins (protease), fats (lipase) & carbohydrates (Amylase, Lactase, Amyloglucosidase, Sucrase, Maltase, Cellulase, Hemicellulase)
Glucosamine Shrimp, prawn & crab exoskeleton Glucosamine sulphate, glucosamine hydrochloride Glucosamine sulfate: Helps to relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis. Helps to relieve pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. Helps to protect against the deterioration of cartilage. A factor in maintaining healthy cartilage and/or joint health. Glucosamine hydrochloride: A factor in maintaining healthy cartilage. Helps to maintain healthy cartilage. A factor in maintaining joint health. Helps to maintain joint health.
Lecithin Soybean phospholipids Source of phosphatidylcholine to support healthy liver function.
Lycopene Tomato carotenoid Powerful antioxidant to promote prostate health and reduce risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) SyntheticMethylsulfonylmethane Helps to relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis, helps to relieve the pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee.
Omega Oils essential fatty acids Promotes heart health.
Probiotics Bacterial cultureL.acidophilus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium breve, Lactobacillus acidophilus., Bifidobacterium longum Helps maintain healthy gastro-intestinal tract. Helps protect against gastro-intestinal tract associated infectious diseases. Helps relieve gastro-intestinal disturbances associated with antibiotic therapy.

+ COFACTORS

 COFACTORS Body Parts Affected Augmenting Nutrients Food Source Therapeutic Applications
Bioflavonoids Entire body Vitamin C citrus fruits Antioxidant, prevents cell damage.
Choline Entire body Vitamins A, B12, B complex, folic acid, inositol, linoleic acid brewer’s yeast, fish, legumes, organ meats, soybeans, wheat germ, lecithin A factor in the maintenance of good health.
Inositol Entire body B complex, B12, choline, linoleic acid citrus fruits, brewer’s yeast, meat, milk, nuts, vegetables, whole grains, lecithin A factor in the maintenance of good health.
MSMMethylsulfonylmethane Knees, joints None synthetic Helps to relieve joint pain associated with osteoarthritis. Helps to relieve the pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee.

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